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Due to its causes and effects, domestic violence has become a public health problem.

Abuse is listed by the World Health Organization (WHO) as one of the main public health problems involving mental health disorders and drug use, as reported by the director general of the Institute of Psychiatry of the State of Baja California ( IPEBC), Victor Salvador Rico Hernandez.

In this regard, the official indicated that there are many types of violence, including physical, which include psycho-emotional and sexual abuse, acts of humiliation, domination and omission, and neglect; all expressions that leave damage that can become irreparable, and that manifest as problems in the physical and mental development of minors.

He warned that the consequences that parental violence has on minors include personality disorders, high-risk sexual behaviors, heart and sexually transmitted diseases, as well as feelings of loneliness and abandonment, low self-esteem, difficulty in having healthy emotional relationships. and significant, and even risk of suicide.

He revealed that according to data from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), 50% of children and adolescents in Mexico live in poverty, and of these, 63% have experienced some type of abuse; while mental health problems increased 25% during the period of confinement due to the pandemic.

Finally, Rico Hernández recalled that the IPEBC collaborates with other agencies to offer programs to treat violence and dependence on substance use, as well as mental health care services aimed at pregnant women, mothers and their daughters and sons. , and women victims and survivors of situations of violence.

For more information, you can call in Mexicali at (686) 842 7050, in Tijuana at (664) 684 2664, at (646) 178 8577 in Ensenada or at the phone number of the Centers for Primary Care in Addictions (CAPA) for the entire state. at (686) 556 7537; Guidance is also offered on the official Facebook profile of the Institute of Psychiatry of the State of Baja California.

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