Since when is Girl's Day celebrated?
On December 19, 2011, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 66/170 to declare October 11 as International Day of the Girl. Since 2012, it is commemorated every October 11.
Why is the International Day of the Girl commemorated?
The fact of being born a girl or a boy determines a person's opportunities to have access to health, education and protection. Starting from this evidence is key to addressing the defense of children's rights. International Day of the Girl is commemorated each year to raise awareness of the situation of girls in the world, recognize their rights and the unique challenges they face, especially in developing countries, as well as promote their empowerment and empowerment. compliance with their human rights.
Women and girls around the world continue to suffer disadvantages in many areas, such as health, education, political participation and economic opportunities, facing serious threats to their well-being and rights on a daily basis.
Faced with this situation, girls of all walks of life are raising their voices against inequalities. Around the world, girl-led movements are curbing early marriage and female genital mutilation, demanding action to combat climate change, and innovating in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics.
Here are some examples of the rights violations suffered by millions of girls and women in the world today:
More than 200 million girls and women have suffered female genital mutilation, a terrible practice that directly violates their rights. The figures are shocking: more than 3 million are at risk of suffering from it each year.
Around 650 million women have been married before their 18th birthday: 1 in 5.
10 million more girls are at risk of child marriage due to COVID-19.
1 in 20 girls between the ages of 15 and 19 have suffered forced sex in the world (approximately 13 million).
Half of girls between the ages of 10 and 14 dedicate twice as much time to housework as boys of the same age.
Almost 1 in 4 girls between the ages of 15 and 19 is not employed or receiving education or training, compared to 1 in 10 boys.
Only 2 out of 5 girls complete secondary education.
500 million women do not have adequate facilities to manage their menstrual hygiene.
The impact of the pandemic is disproportionately affecting girls, adolescents and women; it has exacerbated inequities and reinforced gender inequalities. Widespread unemployment and economic insecurity, coupled with significant disruptions to services related to maternal health, sexual and reproductive health, nutrition, protection and education, have weakened protection and well-being systems and networks across the world. world.
Today more than ever, achieving gender equality is a human rights issue and a precondition for sustainable development.